The Republic of Botswana is a landlocked country in Southern Africa and possessed a topographically flat with most of its territory is known as the Kalahari Desert. Botswana, the world’s largest country is bordered to the south and southeast by South Africa, to the west by Namibia, and northeast by Zimbabwe. Botswana gained its independence from the Bechuanaland in 1966. It is famously known as “The Land of the Tswana,” referring to the major ethnic group of Botswana. It is one of Africa’s oldest continuously democratic countries due to uninterrupted democratic elections. The primary spoken language in the country is Tswana and for official written language, English is mostly used. Since its independence, the country has maintained being one of the world’s largest highest economic growth. Its vast land of wildlife, friendly accommodating people, unique and special dishes and world-famous art festivals contributes to the progressing achievements of the country.
1. Native Wildlife Natural HabitatThe Kalahari Desert covers much of Botswana land. The word “kalahari” came from the word Tswana language word “Kgala”, which means “the great thirst”. It is a vast area that is covered by red sand without any surface water. It is a semi-desert because of its grassland that is suitable for pasturing cattle, sheep and other grazing animals after a good rain. The Kalahari Desert supports some animals and plants namely; a variety of flora like the acacia trees, camelthorn trees, kiwano fruit or horned melon, African horned cucumber, jelly melon, and many herbs and grasses. For animals, elephants, giraffes, lions, cheetahs, and many more. It is also home to many migratory birds such as; tawny eagles and goshawks, herons, white-backed vulture, African Jacana; to name a few.
2. Tswana People Beautiful and Practical LifestyleThe Bantu-speaking ethnic group known as the Tswana are native to South Africa and it is the biggest number of population in Botswana. A person who lives in Botswana is called Motswana and for a large group of people, they are referred to as Batswana. The country’s major tribes speak Tswana or Setswana. Each tribe has a traditional Paramount Chief, who is entitled to be one of the advisory body to the country’s Parliament type of governing body. The Batswanas can be seen wearing the shweshwe made from a native cotton fabric used for traditional occassions like weddings, festivals, The mogagolwane is also used by the Botswana women to identify them as married and for its practicality can also be used as a small blanket during baby showers, and other events.
3. Safe Haven for ElephantsElephants complete the immense beauty of Botswana making it into a perfect place for these wonderful enormous animals. The country is known for its largest elephant population of the continent of Africa. The beautiful Chobe National Park is one of the best places for the excellent wildlife photography activities and it’s also a place for wildlife discoveries, where you can get close to these amazing animals, seeing them up close bathing, playing in the sun, and watch them in their truest form in their natural habitat. Botswana is a safe haven for elephants. The hunting, killing, and poaching of these animals had sparked controversies all over the world because of the decreasing number of elephants. The government of Botswana is increasing all its effort to protect these animals.
4. Largest Diamond MineBotswana is home to the world’s largest diamond mining area found in Orapa in the Central District of the country. The open-pit style of mining operates seven days per week and producing 20 million tons per year of ore and an additional ton per year of waste rock. It has been said that about 40% of the government’s economic revenue of Botswana came from these precious stones. Policies such as fiscal policies, international financial and technical assistance and foreign policy are one of the top reasons why the economy of Botswana is continuously being prosperous.
5. Numerous Exotic Dishes Bogobe, traditional food from Botswana is an organic porridge that is made from sorghum and prepares it to a thick stiff porridge. This is to include in the national dish of Botswana, Seswaa. This national dish is often served during special occasions like weddings, birthdays, festivals and other important events. It is pounded meat or meat stew served over Bogobe. The meat is boiled with only onions, pepper and salt to taste. Most Batswana served this with polenta and a side of green leafy vegetables for a healthy dish. These are just some of the unique dishes of Botswana. As part of South Africa, the country also shares some characteristics with its neighboring countries’ cuisines. A must-try for all is the boerewors, samp, magwinya and mopane worms delicacy that will surely excite everyone’s exotic taste buds.
6. Renowned Art FestivalsLove for music and love for arts is one of the best qualities of the Batswanas. A trip to this wonderful country wouldn’t be completely joyous if you missed some of these important festivals in the country. The world-famous Maun International Festival in Maun, Botswana is a musical and spoken poetry event gathering for local and international artists to showcase their creative talents. The Maitusong Festival is the largest performing arts festival held during the months of March to April. It features traditional and modern music, artistic theatre, film, slam poetry, dance and nonstop live music to thousands of guests. The events last for nine days so it’s not an excuse to miss this lovely event. Most especially, do not miss the Botswana Day to get to know more of their history, cultural and traditional practices.