About Tainan City
Tainan, with the official name Tainan City, located in southern Taiwan with special municipality facing the Formosan Strait or Taiwan Strait in the west and south. The oldest city on the island of Taiwan and also commonly known as the Capital City for its over 200 years history as the capital of Taiwan under Koxinga and later Qing rule. Because of its complex of histories, redefinitions and renewals, it also have the popular name “ the Phoenix City “ . As Taiwan's oldest urban area, Tainan was initially established by the Dutch East India Company (VOC) as a ruling and trading base called Fort Zeelandia during the period of Dutch rule on the island. After Dutch colonists were defeated by Koxinga in 1,661, Tainan remained as the capital of the Tungning Kingdom until 1,683 and afterwards the capital of Taiwan Prefecture under Qing Dynasty rule until 1,887, when the new provincial capital was moved to Taipei. Tainan has been historically regarded as one of the oldest cities in Taiwan, and its former name, Tayouan, has been claimed to be the origin of the name "Taiwan". It is also one of Taiwan's cultural capitals, for its rich folk cultures including the famous local street food and traditional cuisine, extensively preserved Taoist rites and other living local traditions covering everything from child birth to funerals. The city houses the first Confucian school temple function in Taiwan, built in 1,665, the remains of the Eastern and Southern gates of the old city, and countless other historical monuments. Tainan claims more Buddhist and Taoist temples than any other city in Taiwan.
1. City that near by many Gods and templesThe lives of Tainan citizens are closely related to many Chinese gods and temples. Parents bring their children to the "Weaving Maid goddess",the children's goddess, to wish for good will. Traditionally Chinese people step into adulthood when they are 20. In Tainan, there is a large ritual celebration for all 16-year-olds on the seventh day of the seventh lunar month, the goddess's birthday. This extended celebration is unique to Tainan: In the past, families with children working in the harbor took the advantage of this ceremony to show the employers that their children should be paid in adult rate after this day. Before any form of exam people visit a temple of Wenchangdijun, the literacy god, to pray for good luck. One of the Wenchang temples is on the top floor of the Fort Provintia. Many final year high school students preparing for university exams visit the temple in June, before the exam. Those asking for marriage visit Yuelao, the god for marriages. People also visit temples for many reasons, from simply praying for good luck to celebrating god's birthday to even consulting with the other world.
2. Most Taiwanese dish originMany well-known Taiwanese food dishes originated in Tainan. Since Tainan was a center of sugar production, Tainan cuisine tends to be sweeter than other Taiwanese cuisines. For example, eel noodle soup has a distinctive sweet and sour taste. Milkfish dishes are very popular in Tainan, where locals also call it "Koxinga's fish". People believe the Chinese name of the fish was given by Koxinga, and this name has been loaned into Japanese as sabahī The fish are bred in farms located in the coastal outskirts of the city. Many Tainan restaurants and snack stands have histories that trace back to the Qing or Japanese era. On Guo Hua Street , you can find a lot of restaurants and street vendors sell local cuisine, including such dishes as "savory rich pudding", oyster omelette, gua bao, and popiah. Local people tend to have these dishes either in the morning or at noon
3. Where first types of Chinese musicNanyin and Shisanyin were the first types of Chinese music introduced to Tainan; Nanyin is performed mostly for entertainment while Shisanyin is performed in the Confucius worship ceremony. There are two Nanyin clubs in Tainan named Zhenshengshe, a 200-year-old club once dissolved in the 1,980s for ten years which then returned with the support from younger generation musicians and Nanshengshe, a 95-year-old club performing globally. Music performance is being promoted in Tainan. Tainan City has its own Chinese orchestra and symphony orchestra. There are also private performance groups such as Chimei Mandolin Performance Group, Chimei Philharmonic Orchestra and Chang Jung Christianity University Symphony Orchestra.
Tainan City Tourist Spots
1. Nan Yuan GardenNan Yuan Garden Resort Farm is located in Lioujia, Tainan City. It is about 3 kilometers down City Road No. 174, going from Lioujia to Nansi and Zengwen Reservoir. The resort is built on the concept of natural ecological preservation. It uses a lively blend of natural, original landscapes, with rural countryside cultural resources. It is located in a beautiful green area containing mountains and water, making it a fenceless classroom and a treasure house of knowledge. It has a unique geographical landscape, which includes six natural lakes containing a complete food chain ecology. There is a natural abundance of animals, birds, fish, insects and plants, making it an ideal place for field trips. The lakeside log cabins are very popular with the guests, and would rival any in Europe or America. These cabins create a romantic European atmosphere, soaring above the lake surface, and reflecting on the waves of the lake. One could easily mistake this place for Europe! These five-star lakeside vacation log cabins have had the most invested into them of any recreation farm cabins in this country.
2. National Anping HarborNational Anping Harbor Historic Park is a microcosm of Taiwan’s history and shows the truth of the words “If you haven’t been to Tainan you haven’t been to Taiwan, if you haven’t been to Anping you haven’t been to Tainan.” Anping District has numerous historic sites from different stages of history from the Dutch Colonial Time; the Park is rich in both historic buildings and natural ecology. Visitors can engage in various leisure activities such as visiting old temples, viewing the lovely sunset and natural ecology, tasting various popular snacks, taking a boat tide on the canal, and playing a real escape game. Accommodation in a variety styles is also available. National Anping Harbor Historic Park connects a wealth of historic sites, temples and local eateries surrounding the harbor. For example, the famous landmark Eternal Golden Castle was the first modern-era fort built in Taiwan and a vivid representation of Tainan's history and progression through the centuries. Have a nice walk around the neighborhood, and grab some shrimp rolls and crackers on the way. There are also a number of new attractions worth visiting such as Shuijing Bridge and Taiwan Coffee Museum. Today, Anping Harbor may not be as bustling as it once was, but it never fails to be an axis where hope and history ebb and swell.
3. Anping Tree HouseAnping Tree House is located behind the Tait& Co. Merchant House and was originally a Tait& Co. Warehouse. Built around the end of the 19th Century at the beginning of the Japanese Colonial Period, this place was also once a warehouse of the Japan Salt Corporation, and the current scale the building is the product of extension by the Japanese. After over a hundred years of transformation, the warehouse wall is covered in banyan roots, and the dense, towering treetops seem to have become the roof of the warehouse. This unusual appearance gives Anping Tree House a sense of mystery, and the distinctive form of the tree house is a marvel of symbiosis, similar to the large trees of Angkor Wat coiled around the Ta Prohm Temple. The gaps between the tree trunks make a perfect walkway for people to walk through, and one can also travel among the treetops. The tree house is also a good habitat for wildlife, and lots of squirrels and birds frolic. When tired of walking, tourists can visit the Tree House coffee shop, cool down with an ice cream and then continue to explore the elegance of Anping.