Nagasaki, the capital city of Nagasaki Prefecture, and also the biggest city in the area, located in Kyushu, Japan. The only city that not isolated during ' Japanese Sakkou ' . Because of that, Christianity grows larger and making the city become so Europoan feeling. It can be proven by the large number of churches in the city, and it become an object of tourism. Fernando Mendes Pinto is the first Portuguese person that comes to this city. Followed him, Portuguese ships started to sailing to Japan as regular freight, thus, increasing the contact and trade between Japan and the rest of the world. Nagasaki also becomes a treaty port in 1859, and started the modernization during 1868. On April 1st, 1889, Nagasaki proclaimed as a city. During that era, Nagasaki becomes a center of heavy industry, mainly ship-building with the dockyards under control of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, whose becomes the main contractor of Imperial Japanese Navy. Thus, making that city becomes the target of nuclear bombing by Allies during the World War II. As it located near by the sea making it has humid subtropical climate, characterized by mild winter and humid , long, and hot summer.
1. Western and Eastern City in Japan
As mentioned previously, Nagasaki is the first city visited by the Portuguese, and become one of where Christianity spreaded for all over Japan. Making the city has so many western buildings, especially the churches. The feeling of Europian enviorenment attract many tourist local of overseas to come to see it . It might be another point of value that Nagasaki has among the Japanese, because they can see the western environment through Nagasaki. Aside of the western, Nagasaki also also becomes a home by Chinese people, proven by there is a Chinatown in the city. The Chinatown in Nagasaki is very famous with the view. it even becoming one of city with best night view in Japoan even the world along with Monaco and Hongkong.
2. From Zero to HeroGenreally information that we all know, that Nagasaki is one of city which bombed by Allies during World War II. It made the city almost burnt to ashes. as for the rebuilt plan by the hand of Japanese leader, Hirohito, step by step it began to rise. The emperor started to build the city by calculating how many teachers left, and instruct them for giving a good teaching to the next generation. This way of thinking might continuing until knowadays. As the result, we now can see how Japanese people now and how beautiful its city become.
3. City that never forget own historyPeople of Nagasaki of generally the Japanese people always remember their own history. By remembering what had happen and to not repeat the same mistakes. It is proved by the existence of Peace Memorial Park where always full of visitors. Nagasaki have Peace Memorial Park become as a reminder of how war is useless. Something that never give them happiness, only sadness and lost. It also make Japanese people being an-anti war civilization, seeking for peace, and tend to giving kindness to others. Also they have Nagasaki Atomic Bomb Museum that serves it purpose shows the chronology of bombing, until the city rises again.
Nagasaki Tourist Spots
1. Glover GardenThis place is used to be a settlement for foreigners who cames through the port of Nagasaki. As we know, Nagasaki was one of the city that still open during the seclusion era in Japan. The garden have many beautiful flowers and one of the city that looks very beautiful sight from a height, along with the pier and hills that surround the city as well. The main attraction of the garden is the Former Glover House, the oldest Western-style wooden building in Japan. Thomas Glover (1838-1911) was a Scottish merchant who moved to Nagasaki after the opening of its port to foreign trade in 1859. He later assisted some of the revolutionaries who would eventually overthrow the Tokugawa Shogunate in the Meiji Restoration. Active in various industries, including shipbuilding and mining, Glover features prominently in the early history of Japan's industrialization. You can see so many ancient home tools, properties of Thomas Glover used to have.
2. Oura ChurchOne of old Catholic Church built towards the Edo Period of Japan, by the French Missionary in 1864. Also being the oldest standing Christian Church in Japan. This church also dedicated for the memories of 26 Christians who were excecuted in the city in 1597. Despite that, the church also become one of the charming place for drawing attention of visitors maybe especially for the locals. by the right of the church, stands the Christian Museum that contains contains various exhibitions pertaining to the history of Oura Church and Christianity in the region and all over Japan, it has many various artifacts and old documents on display. visitors can see and understand how is christianity came and spreaded in Japan. However the explanations are predominantly in Japanese.
3. Shimabara CastleLocated in Shimabara, this castle built by Matsukura Shigemasa in 1624. Having a high-valued history, this building becomes the witness of the daimyo and the Christian religious leader meet and the Shimabara Rebellion . The castle itself have five storey donjon, and it was rebuilt in 1963 with its white walls and its main tower which is tiered beautifully on a stone wall and becomes one of the best castle in Japan. Inside the palace, there is a historical museum and displays of historical items from the Shimabara Rebellion and KAKURE KIRISHITAN, "Christian" Hidden Culture ". The museum is not large but is very interesting. There are many exhibits that you cannot see in other places, such as the statue of Mary's mother made similar to Buddha statues to hide that they are Christians. On the 5th floor, you can get 360 degree views of the city of Shimabara.You can also see the Ariake sea and Mount Unzen, the scenery is very beautiful and it's good for taking pictures.