Kamakura, a historic city during Minamoto no Yoritomo after the Genji clan defeats Taira Clan at Dan no Ura. Also former capital city of Japan. Though Kamakura proclaimed as a city on November 3rd 1939. During the war, Kamakura is a natural fortress, surrounded to the north, east and west by hills and to the south by the open water of Sagami Bay. Before the construction of several tunnels and modern roads that now connect it to Fujisawa, Ofuna and Zushi. On land, it could be entered only through narrow artificial passes, among which the seven most important were called Kamakura's Seven Entrances, a name sometimes translated as "Kamakura's Seven Mouths". The natural fortification made Kamakura an easily defensible stronghold. To the north, stands tall Mount Genji which passes behind the Daibutsu and reaches Inamuragasaki and the sea. Kamakura also crossed by Namerigawa river, which goes to Asina Pass in the north, the river masks the border between Zaimokuza and Yuigahama.
1. The full of historical feeling cityThe ancient city with its original own culture, Kamakura once a political capital along with Nara and Kyoto, also the birthplace of Japan's first samurai government, Kamakura Shogunate. Minamoto no Yoritomo appointed as Seii Daishogun by the imperial court in 1192 and established the shogunate. After Yoritomo's death, the Hojo clan take over the area. And during that time, trade with the Song and Yuan dynasty giving result in several aspect of Chinese culture to the city. it is also including Zen culture and value, such as Zen-style architecture, Buddhist Statues, and Chinese lacquerware that were imported.
2. The Kyoto of Eastern JapanHaving similarities with Kyoto, thanks to so many traditional Buddhist Zen and Shinto shrines in the ancient city of Kamakura. Evokes mini Kyoto, but without many crowds in it while Kyoto is full of people. Kamakura offers numerous temple, shrines, and other historical monuments. The legacy of this history is the region’s temples which range considerably in size and stature. There are also several hiking trails which connect the temples and provide superb views over the Kamakura area.
3. Such A Lovely holiday destinationSometimes, it is not that easy to find a holiday spot that you can enjoy it almost all the time and can be enjoyed by all age ranges. In Kamakura, you can have Enoshima Aquarium for your children to learn about many interesting things about marine life. Also you can enjoy of the relaxing hot spring baths by the coast to look the majestic mount Fuji at Enoshima Island Spa. After doing some bath, it is time to enjoy the food together and taking a stroll down to Komachi-dori and enjoy the sight-seeing of local boutiques and souvenir shops. Don't forget to take shots around for some memories, especially the beaches in Kamakura.
Kamakura Tourist Spots
1. Hasedera TempleDo you believe of the biggest wooden statue exist? In this Hasedera temple, enjoy the view of Kanon Buddha Statue with the height of 9 metres, which also have its twin at Hasedera temple at Nara. These statues have their own story. According to the native people, the statue originally was made in Nara. But one of them found in Shonan Kamakura beach. They belive Kanon goddess bring the statue to Kamakura and to respect the goddess, they make a temple in Kamakura. Not only the big statue, you can take a look to some Buddha statues : Ungyo and Angyo, Benzaiten, Jizo, Jikokuten, Zochoten, Komokuten, and Tamonten. After viewing full of Buddha statues, you can warm yourself taking a stroll in the temple's park, looking at the blooms of ajisai flowers, and a pool with bamboo grows around it.
2. Buddha KamakuraKnown as Kamakura Daibutsu, this statue is Amida Buddha statue made in 1252 with height of 13 metres and weight of 93 tons. It is the second biggest Buddha statue after the one at Todaiji Temple, Nara. Originally, this statue placed in Main Hall of Kotokuin Temple. But in 15th century, a typhoon break the Kotokuin Temple. Up until now from 1495, the statue placed at the temple outdoor. This Great Kamakura buddha Statue depicts a buddha who is meditating. With its calm expression and the background of trees and small hills, visiting this statue will provide an unforgettable experience. You can also enters the statue, since it has empty space inside the Buddha. You can see many people prays for their own goods. After taking a stroll inside the statue, you can enjoy yourself seeing some beautiful park, and some stone inscriptions which written prayers and praises for the Buddha.
3. Hachimangu TempleThe biggest Shinto temple in Kamakura, which built to honor Hachiman, the god of war in Japanese religion. The main attraction of this temple is the entrance that surrounded by Sakura tree. Originally , before being a Shinto temple, this temple is a place for learning Buddha and Shinto religion, and because of that there is some small statues of Buddha in here. To the left of the stairway stood until 2010 a large ginkgo tree, which predated the shrine, and was once used as a hideout in an ambush attack on a shogun. Every autumn, the tree turned beautifully golden, but it did not survive in a winter storm in March 2010. At the base of the stairway stands the Maiden, a stage for dance and music performances. Other structures on the shrine grounds include the Wakamiya Shrine, a secondary shrine to the right of the stairway and various auxiliary buildings. Here, there are some resting place for relax and Kamakura Heritage Museum that you can enjoy also.